The June 2021 parliamentary elections were a crucial moment in the long process of democratization in Ethiopia. It was hoped that the elections would help consolidate the rules of democracy and pluralism and bring the much-needed changes to ensure a better future for the country.

General elections were held on 21 June 2021 to elect representatives to the House of People. The elections, which were originally scheduled for 29 August 2020, were delayed due to the COVID-19 situation. In May 2020, the incumbent House of Peoples' Representatives voted to postpone the elections to 2021. At the end of December 2020, the National Election Board of Ethiopia (NEBE)1 declared that the elections would be held on 5 June 2021, before being delayed again until 21 June. This was the first multiparty election in Ethiopia since 2005.